Opel Vectra

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Opel Vectra
2005–2008 Opel Vectra C
Automotive industryOpel
Parent companyGM Europe
Also calledVauxhall Vectra,
Holden Vectra,
Chevrolet Vectra
Production1988–2008
PredecessorOpel Ascona (Europe),
Holden Apollo (Australia),
Holden Camira (New Zealand)
SuccessorOpel Insignia (Europe),
Holden Epica (Australasia)
Car classificationLarge family car
Automobile layoutFront-engine design

The Opel Vectra is a Large family car produced primarily by Opel, the Germany subsidiary of GM Europe (GM Europe is a subsidiary of the multinational General Motors). In the United Kingdom, it is sold under the Vauxhall Motors Marque as Vauxhall Vectra (except the Vectra A, which was known as the Vauxhall Cavalier). It has been also been sold by Holden in Australasia as Holden Vectra, and Chevrolet in Latin America as Chevrolet Vectra.

The Vectra was introduced in 1988 as a replacement to the Opel Ascona and itself was replaced in 2008 by the Opel Insignia, that will retain the Chevrolet Vectra name for the Latin America market.[1]

Contents


Vectra A (1988–1995)


Opel Vectra A
1988–1993 Opel Vectra A sedan.
Production1988–1995
AssemblyLuton, England,
Rüsselsheim, Germany,
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
SuccessorVectra B
Car body style4-door Sedan (car),
5-door Hatchback
Automobile layoutFront-engine design;
Front-wheel drive (FWD) / Four-wheel drive (4WD)
Automobile platformGM2900 platform
Internal combustion enginePetrol engine:
1.4 L Straight-4 SOHC
1.6 L I4 SOHC
1.8 L I4 SOHC
2.0 L I4 SOHC
2.0 L I4 DOHC
2.0 L I4 DOHC Turbocharger
2.5 L V6 engine 2xDOHC
Diesel engine:
1.7 L
1.7 L Turbodiesel Turbocharger
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission (F10/5, F13/5, F16/5, F20/5)
6-speed Getrag manual
(F28/6)
Wheelbase2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length4,430 mm (174.4 in)(saloon),
4,350 mm (171.3 in) (hatch)
Width1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight997 kg (2,200 lb)-1,199 kg (2,640 lb) (4-cyl petrols)
Fuel capacity61 L (16 US gal; 13 imp gal)
RelatedOpel Calibra
Saab 900
Saab 9-3
Saab 9-5
Saturn L-Series
Automotive designWayne Cherry

The first Vectra, known as the Vectra A, was introduced in 1988 as a saloon and hatchback, replacing the Opel Ascona C. A Coupé based on the Vectra, called the Opel Calibra, was also sold. Both cars were designed by then-Opel design chief Wayne Cherry. Vauxhall, GM's British subsidiary which shared most of its models with Opel, did not call this model "Vectra" but rather marketed it as the Cavalier.

Louis R Hughes, chairman of Opel, and Dr. Wolfram Liedke, operations director of the Eisenach Automotive Works, show off the new four-wheel-drive model in 1990.
1993–1995 Opel Vectra A sedan.

Engines ranged initially from a 75 PS (55 kW) 1.4 L to a 130 PS (96 kW) 2.0 L Family II. With the introduction of Euro I emissions regulations, the base model was replaced by a 1.6 L with the same output, while the top of the line was given to a 16-valve version of the 2.0 L engine, which powered the GT (GSI) version, and had 150 PS (110 kW). Four-wheel drive versions were added to the lineup in 1990, and in 1993, the car received a limited edition Turbocharger version, with 204 PS (150 kW). The 1.4-litre engine was not available in all markets, and even then, it was only available in basic trims (Base/L in United Kingdom, LS/GL in Europe). A 2.5 L V6 engine appeared towards the later stages of the Vectra's life, developing 170 PS (125 kW), turning the car into a relaxed motorway cruiser rather than give it sporty pretensions.

There were a choice of two Diesel engine; one was an Isuzu 1.7 L Circle L engine unit, in both naturally-aspirated and turbocharged form (1686 cc), this one capable of achieving 82 PS (60 kW), and a GM designed 1.7 "low blow" turbo-diesel (1699 cc), and naturally-aspirated diesel unit, delivering up to 68 PS (67 hp/50 kW). Both units have a reputation for longevity, especially Isuzu developed units, which were also regarded as some of the most refined diesels available at the time.

The front Suspension (vehicle) was fully Independent suspension, with MacPherson strut, pressed steel lower control arms, and an Sway bar. The front suspension, together with the major mechanicals (engine and transmission) is remotely mounted on a front Subframe. On front wheel drive models, the rear suspension is semi-independent, consisting of a torsion beam Axle linked to trailing arms, with double conical Coil spring and direct acting telescopic Hydraulics Shock absorber, with certain models also having an anti-roll bar. On the four wheel drive GSi, the rear suspension is a subframe-mounted fully independent design, with semi-trailing arms, double conical coil springs, direct acting gas-assisted telescopic shock absorbers, and an anti-roll bar.

Steering gear is a Rack and pinion type (manual or power assisted, depending on model), mounted on the Bulkhead (Firewall), with a telescopically deformable Steering column.

The Vectra also received a refresh in 1993.

The Vectra gave birth to a Coupé version, the Opel Calibra, which shared the Vectra's underpinnings, including the most powerful engines (115 PS and up) and transmissions.

In New Zealand, the Vectra A was offered initially as an Opel, but it wore Holden badges from 1994. It was not sold in Australia, where Holden instead offered a Badge engineering Toyota Camry called Holden Apollo until 1997.

In Brazil, the Chevrolet-badged Vectra A was not introduced until 1993, when it replaced the Chevrolet Monza, a restyled version of the last Ascona.

In Egypt, the Opel Vectra A was not introduced until 1994 through GM Egypt Dealerships, and started production in late 1994 by GM Egypt through early 1996 with a range of 1.6 GL ,2.0 GL trim and 2.0 GLS trim and only Saloon body style boosting strong sales in Egypt during this short run in Egypt.

Common Engine Lineup for Vectra A

Engine Model Displ. Power Torque Fueling System Valvetrain
14NV 1389 cc 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm| Carburettor SOHC
16SV 1598 cc 130 N·m (96 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm| Carburettor SOHC
C16NZ(2) 1598 cc 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm| SPFI SOHC
E16NZ 1598 cc 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm| SPFI SOHC
X16SZR 1598 cc 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm| SPFI SOHC
18SV 1796 cc 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm| Carburettor SOHC
E18NVR 1796 cc 143 N·m (105 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm| Carburettor SOHC
C18NZ 1796 cc 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm| SPFI SOHC
20NE 1998 cc 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm| MPFI SOHC
C20NE 1998 cc 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm| MPFI SOHC
20SEH 1998 cc 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) @ 4600 rpm| MPFI SOHC
20XEJ 1998 cc 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @ 4800 rpm| MPFI DOHC
C20XE 1998 cc 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @ 4800 rpm| MPFI DOHC
X20XEV 1998 cc 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm| MPFI DOHC
C20LET 1998 cc 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm| MPFI, Turbocharger DOHC
C25XE 2498 cc 227 N·m (167 lb·ft) @ 4200 rpm| MPFI DOHC
17D 1700 cc 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) @ 2400–2600 rpm| Bosch injection pump SOHC
17DR 1700 cc 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) @ 2400–2600 rpm| Bosch injection pump SOHC
TC4EE1 1686 cc 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm| Bosch injection pump SOHC


Vectra B (1995–2002)


Opel Vectra B
2000 Vauxhall Vectra
Also calledVauxhall Vectra
Production1995–2002
AssemblyEllesmere Port, England;
Rüsselsheim, Germany;
Cairo, Egypt (1996–2002);
Elizabeth, South Australia (1998–1999)
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Car body style4-door Sedan (car),
5-door Hatchback,
5-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformGM2900 platform
RelatedSaturn L-Series

The second model, the Vectra B, was introduced in 1995, and the model range included an estate version for the first time. This model replaced the Vauxhall Cavalier in the UK, and the Holden Apollo in Australia. In 1998, Holden began assembly of the Vectra for export to other Right-hand drive markets in the region, although this was aversely affected by the Asian economic crisis, and ended in 2001.

Engines started from the 71 PS (52 kW) 1.6 L, Family 1 but eventually the 8-valve engines were all replaced by 16-valve powerplants. The 2.0 L Family II engine, with 136 PS (100 kW) was developed as a basis for Touring car racing (later in Australia, 2.2 L 108 kW), but the top of the line was a 2.5 L V6 with 170 PS (125 kW). Diesel power came once again from Isuzu, but now featured Direct injection and a 16-valve head.

Opel Vectra B sedan.

In 1999 the Vectra was updated, receiving a mildly modified body (that can be identified by the single piece headlight units and body-coloured bumpers) together with somewhat improved handling characteristics and better equipment.

Sporting limited edition models included the touring car championship inspired i500, Super Touring and GSi. The first model was developed in Germany by Opel Motorsport, with the V6 engine's power increased to 195 PS (143 kW), and the other two were created in Milton Keynes by Motor Sport Developments, the team that run the Vectras in the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC). Only 3900 GSi models were ever produced, mostly in saloon and hatchback guise. With only 317 estate versions produced during this time, they became one of the rarest production Vauxhalls ever.

A related model sold in the United States was the Saturn L-Series, introduced in 2000 but dropped from the lineup in 2005. It was replaced by the 2007 Saturn Aura, which was built around GM Epsilon platform, as the Vectra C is.

In Egypt, the production of the Opel Vectra B continued in mid-1996 with two models, initially a 1.6l 8v GLS trim with manual transmission and a 2.0l 8v CD trim with automatic transmission. Later in 2000 the revised model was produced with three models 1.6 16v GLS trim with automatic transmission, 2.0 16v CD trim with automatic transmission, and a 2.0 CDX trim automatic transmission and all with saloon body style. In 2002 local production of the Opel Vectra ceased in favour of the Opel Corsa Sedan and Opel Astra Sedan.


Vectra C (2002–2008)


Opel Vectra C
Opel Vectra C
Also calledVauxhall Vectra,
Holden Vectra
Production2002–2008
AssemblyEllesmere Port, England,
Rüsselsheim, Germany,
Car body style4-door Sedan (car),
5-door Hatchback,
5-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformGM Epsilon platform
RelatedFiat Croma
Cadillac BLS
Chevrolet Malibu
Opel Insignia
Opel Signum
Saab 9-3
Saturn Aura

Built over the GM Epsilon platform the Opel Vectra C of 2002 was initially available as a four-door sedan and a five-door hatchback, known as the GTS.[2] A five-door station wagon was added in 2003,[3] along with an "executive hatchback" sold under the Opel Signum nameplate. The Signum, which is based partly on the Vectra C features a completely different layout in the rear.[4]

The engine range was substantially modified to account for an increased Curb weight. While a 90 kW (121 hp) 1.8 litre Family 1 Ecotec engine was reserved for the base model, a 2.0 litre Turbocharger Family II engine with 129 kW (173 hp) was also offered,[5] along with a new 3.2 litre V6 engine, with 155 kW (208 hp).[6] Diesel power, which by now was important for commercial success in Europe,[7] is provided by an Isuzu-sourced 3.0 litre V6 outputting 132 kW (177 hp),[8] but the four-cylinder diesel engine was replaced in 2004 by a Fiat-designed 1.9 litre Ecotec CDTI engine capable of outputting 110 kW (148 hp).[9] Handling is reported to be much better than the old car, but reviews still criticise the overlight feel of the steering, complicated indicator switches and the rather ungainly styling of the sedan version.

2005-2008 facelifted Vectra C.

The Vectra received a facelift near the end of 2005, and the V6 engine was replaced by an Australian-built turbocharged 2.8 litre High Feature V6 unit. More importantly, Opel introduced, for the first time, an Opel Performance Center version the Vectra was launched, using the VXR name in the United Kingdom. These high-performance variants were available only in the hatchback and station wagon bodies. In the United Kingdom, the power on the High Feature engine was increased to 188 kW (252 hp), and maximum speed just falls short of 250 km/h (155 mph). In Australia and New Zealand, the Holden Vectra ZC series was dropped and replaced with the Holden Epica, a badge-engineered Daewoo Tosca in 2007.[10] Due to stockpiling of 2005 model Vectras for the Australasian market, there was enough supply of the car for deliveries to last through to 2007, as a result facelifted Vectra Cs were not sold in those markets.[11]

Sales of the Vectra in the United Kingdom have not been as strong as its predecessor's. For much of its production life, the original Vectra was the fourth best selling car in the country, yet the Vectra C has never come higher than tenth in the country's car sales charts, though it is still the second best selling car in its sector behind the Ford Mondeo. In 2007, it finally made the top 10 of Britain's car sales charts, being the nation's tenth most popular new car with over 50,000 sales, outselling the Ford Mondeo for the first time since 1999.[12] Also in 2007, the station wagon variant garnered the Estate Car of the Year 2007 award by What Car? magazine.[13]

While the Vectra C has been sold in Mexico and Chile as the Chevrolet Vectra, it is not marketed in Brazil, where Chevrolet opted to sell the Astra C under the Vectra brand since October 2005, keeping the Astra B as the cheaper option. Both localized versions still uses the obsolete powertrain from the Opel Ascona.

References

  1. "Multiplicación de novedades". El Mercurio. 2008-20-18. http://diario.elmercurio.cl/detalle/index.asp?id={46052f3d-89ec-410f-9c5d-e0f1fdf4f79f}. Retrieved on 2008-11-04. 
    1. REDIRECT Es icon
  2. "New Holden Vectra goes up-market". WebWombat. http://www.webwombat.com.au/motoring/news_reports/2_02_hol.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  3. "Vauxhall Vectra Estate (2003 - To Date)". Yahoo!. http://uk.cars.yahoo.com/car-reviews/car-and-driving/vauxhall-vectra-estate-2004223.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  4. "Opel Vectra and Signum Facelifts". Automotriz. http://www.automotriz.net/english/cars/opel-signum.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  5. "New Opel Signum: Versatile, Innovative, Unique". Black Falcon Media Group Oy. http://www.worldcarfans.com/2050615.001. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  6. "Opel Vectra GTS". Babez.de. http://www.babez.de/opel/gts.php. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  7. Christine, Tierney; Weich, David (2003-05-03). "The Smell of Diesel Is Back in the Air". McGraw-Hill. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/03_19/b3832079.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-07. 
  8. Wan, Mark (2003-05-24). "Opel Vectra". AutoZine. http://www.autozine.org/html/Opel/Vectra.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. 
  9. "Vauxhall Vectra CDTI 150". Khoo Systems. 2004-10-17. http://www.honestjohn.co.uk/road_tests/?id=151. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. 
  10. Newton, Bruce (2007), "Sneer Miss", Wheels magazine: June 2007: 104–108 
  11. Yan, Jack (2007-05-26). "Holden Epica arrives in New Zealand (God help us)". Jack Yan & Associates. http://www.jackyan.com/blog/2007/05/holden-epica-arrives-in-new-zealand-god.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. 
  12. Finlay, David (2008-01-08). "UK Motor Industry 2007". PDRonline. http://www.carkeys.co.uk/features/industry/2008/14456.asp. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. 
  13. "Car of the Year 2007 - Estate car". What Car?. 2007-01-19. http://www.whatcar.co.uk/news-special-report.aspx?NA=223730&EL=3187889. Retrieved on 2008-01-10. 
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