Opel Astra

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Opel Astra
3rd-gen Opel Astra 5-door
Automotive industryGeneral Motors
Production1991–present
PredecessorOpel Kadett
Car classificationSmall family car
Automobile layoutFF layout
See also Vauxhall Astra and Holden Astra for the usage of the nameplate by other General Motors subsidiaries.

The Opel Astra is a Small family car designed and manufactured by Opel, the European subsidiary of General Motors.

It is branded as an Opel in Continental Europe, the Republic of Ireland, the Middle East, North Africa, Russia and South Africa, as Vauxhall Motors in the United Kingdom, as Holden in Australasia, as Chevrolet in Latin America and as Saturn Corporation in the United States and Canada.

The Astra is now built in Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Brazil, South Africa, Poland and Ukraine, as well as being assembled in Complete knock down (CKD) kits in other countries.

Contents

Naming convention


As of 2006, there have been three generations of the vehicle. In a fashion typical for Opel models, they are designated with subsequent letters of the Latin alphabet. Opel's official convention is to continue the Opel Kadett lineage, thus referring to the first generation of Opel Astra as the Astra F (the last Opel Kadett was the Kadett E). Another convention used by GM starts with Astra A, adopting the notion that the Astra is a separate model. Models sold as Vauxhall, Holden or Chevrolet have different generation designations reflecting the history of those nameplates in their home markets and their naming conventions.

Astra F/A


Astra F/A
1997 Opel Astra F/A
Also calledVauxhall Astra
Opel Astra Classic
Holden Astra
Chevrolet Astra
Opel Optima
Opel Kadett (South Africa, hatchback only)
Opel Astra II (Denmark, 1998-99)
Production1991–2002
AssemblyBochum, Germany
Antwerp, Belgium
Struandale, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Zaporizhia, Ukraine
Szentgotthárd, Hungary
Gliwice, Poland
Ellesmere Port, England
Car body style2-door Convertible
3-door Hatchback
4-door Saloon car
5-door Estate car
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformGM T platform
Internal combustion engine1.4L Straight-4
1.6L Straight-4
1.8L Straight-4
2.0L Straight-4
RelatedOpel Vectra

The Astra F debuted in 1991. With the Kadett E's successor, Opel adopted the Astra nameplate, which was already used by Vauxhall for the Kadett D and E (see Vauxhall Astra). It was offered as a three or five-door Hatchback, a Sedan (car) (sedan), and an Station wagon (wagon), known as the Caravan. A Cabriolet (automobile) was also offered, designed and built by Bertone in Italy. This car was offered in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Turkey for name Astra Classic for 1998 to 2002. The Astra F finished production in 2002.

The model was launched in South Africa in 1992, where it was produced under licence by Delta Motor Corporation. However, the Kadett name was retained for the Astra hatchback until 1999. The South African Astra included a variant with a 2.0 L Turbocharger engine called the 200tS which was produced in limited numbers in both sedan and hatchback guise. The engine (C20LET) in the 200tS was sourced from the Calibra 2.0 L turbo 4wd found on European markets, but local engineers converted the 6 speed drivetrain to front wheel drive only and as such was unique to that market. Sedan and station wagon models were offered under the Astra name. Controversially, the Kadett and Astra in South Africa won the title of 'Car of the Year' in two consecutive years (1993 and 1994) even though they were versions of the same car. South African nomenclature was denoted in decilitres, so the Astra and Kadett ranges featured 140, 160i, 180i and 200i models.

The Astra also became available in Australasia badged as a Holden, first in New Zealand in 1995, and then Australia in 1996. The first models were imported from the United Kingdom, but the current model is imported from Belgium. The original Holden Astra was originally a rebadged Nissan Pulsar, first sold in the mid-1980s.

Opel Astra's first generation was imported to Brazil. Chevrolet of Brazil sent the 2.0 liter/115 bhp engines to Belgium whence the completed cars took their way to Brazil. In 1996 the Brazilian government increased the import rate, though the car remained very expensive . The second generation was manufactured in Brazil.

The Astra F consisted of two main revisions and was revised in 1995, with the launch of Opel's new Ecotec engine. For a short period, a submodel which consisted of parts from both revisions was produced. The submodel used all the new Ecotec running gear, but many parts from the previous revision were used in order to use up leftover parts. Other main changes included mildly-altered exterior styling, and availability of new specification models.

Aside from the South Africa-only 200TS, the lead model was the GSi — a 2.0 L Straight-4 16v petrol injected model with 147 bhp (110 kW), available as a 3-door only. It also featured sports bodykit and interior. The GSi too was updated in 1997, with the engine being replaced for a lower-powered but more modern 'Ecotec' version.

Common Engine Lineup for Astra F

Engine Model Displ. Power Torque Fueling System Valvetrain Compression Ratio
1.4i 1389 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) @ 5200 rpm 103 N·m (76 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm MPi OHC 9.4:1
14NV 1398 cc 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) @ 5800 rpm 110 N·m (81 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm Carb SOHC 9.4:1
14SE 1398 cc 60 kW (82 PS; 80 hp) @ 5600 rpm 115 N·m (85 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm MPi SOHC 9.8:1
20SEH (South African Edition) 1998 cc 95 kW (129 PS; 127 hp) @ 5600 rpm 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm MPi SOHC 9.8:1
20XE-LN (South African Edition) 1998 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) MPi Sequential DOHC 9.8:1
20LET (Exclusive South African Edition) 1998 cc 160 kW (218 PS; 215 hp) 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) MPi Turbocharged DOHC 8.8:1
C14NZ 1398 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) @ 5200 rpm 103 N·m (76 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm SPi SOHC 9.4:1
X14NZ 1398 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) @ 5200 rpm 103 N·m (76 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm SPi SOHC 9.4:1
C14SE 1389 cc 60 kW (82 PS; 80 hp) @5800 rpm 113 N·m (83 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm MPi SOHC 10.0:1
C16NZ and X16SZR 1598 cc 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) @ 5200 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm SPi SOHC 9.2:1
C16se 1598 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) @ 5800 rpm 135 N·m (100 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm MPi SOHC 9.8:1
X16SZ 1598 cc 52 kW (71 PS; 70 hp) @ 5000 rpm 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm SPi SOHC 10.0:1 (9.6:1 for X16XZR)
C18NZ 1796 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 5400 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm SPi SOHC 9.2:1
C20NE 1998 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5400 rpm 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm MPi SOHC 9.2:1
X14XE(Ecotec) 1398 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 6000 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm MPi DOHC 10.5:1
X16XEL(Ecotec) 1598 cc 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) @ 6200 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm MPi DOHC 10.5:1
C18XE 1794 cc 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) @ 5600 rpm 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @ 4800 rpm MPi DOHC 10.8:1
C18XEL (Ecotec) 1798 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5400 rpm 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm MPi DOHC 10.8:1
X18XE (Ecotec) 1794 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5400 rpm 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm MPi DOHC 10.8:1
C20XE 1998 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 6000 rpm 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @ 4600 rpm MPi DOHC 10.5:1
X20XEV (Ecotec) 1998 cc 100 kW (136 PS; 134 hp) @ 5400 rpm 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm MPi DOHC 10.8:1
17D 1699 cc 42 kW (57 PS; 56 hp) unknown torque data* Bosch injection pump SOHC 23:1
17DR 1699 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) unknown torque data* Bosch injection pump SOHC 23:1
X17DTL 1700 cc 50 kW (68 PS; 67 hp) 132 N·m (97 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm Bosch injection pump SOHC 22:1
X17DT 1686 cc 60 kW (82 PS; 80 hp) 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm Bosch injection pump SOHC 22:1

Astra G/B


Astra G/B
Opel Astra B, 3-door
Also calledChevrolet Astra
Chevrolet Viva
Opel Astra Classic
Holden Astra
Holden Astra Classic
Vauxhall Astra
Production1998–Present
AssemblyBochum, Germany
Antwerp, Belgium
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Struandale, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Gliwice, Poland
Togliatti, Russia
Zaporoshje, Ukraine
Ellesmere Port, England
Car body style2-door Convertible
2-door Coupé
3-door Hatchback
4-door Saloon car
5-door Hatchback
5-door Estate car
Automobile platformGM T platform
Internal combustion engine2.0L 1.6L 1.4L 1.8L 2.2L Straight-4
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission
4-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2614 mm (102.9 in)
LengthHatchback: 4199 mm (165.3 in)
Saloon: 4342 mm (170.9 in)
Width1753 mm (69 in)
HeightHatchback: 1431 mm (56.3 in)
Saloon: 1425 mm (56.1 in)
RelatedOpel Zafira

The Astra was launched in Europe in 1998. It was available as a 3 and 5-door Hatchback, 4-door saloon and two special versions: the Astra Coupé and the Astra Convertible, both of them designed and built by Bertone. The Astra G/B saw the introduction of a Natural gas-powered engine. Its chassis was tuned by Lotus and formed the base of a seven-seater Compact MPV, the Opel Zafira.

The manufacturing of Astra G/B continued at GM's Gliwice plant in Poland after the debut of the next-generation Astra H/C, with the older model being branded as Astra Classic in a similar fashion to its predecessor, catering to the lower end of the market. Apart from European markets, these models were sold in Australia and New Zealand as Holden Astra Classic, until they were replaced by the Holden Viva in 2006.

The Astra G/B continues as the locally-built Chevrolet Astra in Brazil. It was facelifted in 2003, and is sold in Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and other Latin American markets. In Brazil, the Astra G/B remains as the leader of its segment in sales since 1999. The GM Brazilian 2.0 8v Straight-4 engine which equips the Astra has the "flexpower" technology, that allows the car to run on both petrol/alcohol fuels, providing 121/127 hp (G/A) @ 5.200 rpm.

A taxi version of the Brazilian sourced model, powered with diesel is sold in Chile as the Chevy Taxi, and a powered one as the Chevy Urban.[1] [2]

In 2004, GM's Russian joint venture, GM-AvtoVAZ, launched the Chevrolet Viva, a four-door version of the Astra G/B. It was sold through Chevrolet dealers in Russia, while Opel dealers were (and are, as of July 2008) selling the newer Opel Astra H/C. Sales were poor from the start due to high pricing: the only version launched was equipped with 1.8L with above-average trim level, placing Viva price above Toyota Corolla[1]. A project costing $340 million was selling less than a thousand cars annually[1] (801 car in 2007);[2] rumours of shutting down Chevy Viva production circulated as early as summer of 2005.[3] GM-AvtoVAZ shut down small-scale production of Viva in March 2008.[1]

Astra DTM

The Astra G series was also the basis for the Astra touring car, raced in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters (DTM) series. Although several cars were entered in the races, only one, driven by Manuel Reuter, placed significantly; it took second in 2000. The car's bodywork featured Gull-wing door that were each supported by two gas struts. The race cars were mostly powered by 4.0L V8 engines with nearly 500 hp (370 kW).

Astra XTreme

The Astra XTreme, a concept presented at the 2001 Geneva motor show, was a single-production V8 powered Astra based on the G-series Astra DTM. Like the DTM race car, it featured a 4.0L V8 engine, producing 444 hp (331 kW), Gull-wing door supported by gas struts, carbon fiber panels, and race-specification interior with five-point seatbelts.

Astra H/C

Astra H/C
Opel Astra C Caravan (1.9 CDTI), German market
Also calledChevrolet Astra
Holden Astra
Vauxhall Astra
Saturn Astra
Chevrolet Vectra
Chevrolet Vectra GT
Production2004-present
AssemblyBochum, Germany
Antwerp, Belgium
Gliwice, Poland
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Struandale, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
St. Petersburg, Russia
Zaporizhia, Ukraine
Ellesmere Port, England
Car body style2-door Coupé convertible
3-door Hatchback
4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Estate car
5-door Hatchback
Automobile platformGM Delta platform
Internal combustion engine1.4L Straight-4
1.7L Straight-4
1.6L Straight-4
1.8L Straight-4
1.9L Straight-4
1.3L Straight-4
2.0L Straight-4 Flexpower (Brazil)
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission
6-speed manual
4-speed Automatic transmission
6-speed automatic
WheelbaseEstate: 2703 mm (106.4 in)
Cabriocoupe & Hatchback: 2614 mm (102.9 in)
LengthEstate: 4515 mm (177.8 in)
Cabriocoupe: 4476 mm (176.2 in)
Hatchback: 4331 mm (170.5 in)
WidthEstate: 1753 mm (69 in)
Cabriocoupe: 1759 mm (69.3 in)
Hatchback: 2032 mm (80 in)
HeightEstate: 1500 mm (59.1 in)
Cabriocoupe: 1411 mm (55.6 in)
5-door Hatchback: 1458 mm (57.4 in)
3-door Hatchback: 1418 mm (55.8 in)
RelatedChevrolet Cobalt
Opel Zafira

GM Europe launched Astra H/C in March 2004. Based on the then-new GM Delta platform, its size was increased compared to the previous version. Each engine is provided with its own Lotus (car)-tuned suspension settings.

The Astra H/C was first launched as a five-door hatchback, which by the end of 2004 was joined by a five-door Caravan Station wagon and a sporty three-door hatchback, designated the GTC for European markets, Sport Hatch in the UK and the Coupé in Australia. The GTC has the option of a windscreen called "panoramic windscreen" (unique for a production car at the time of its launch) which extends into the roof area.

The current Chevrolet Vectra sedan in Brazil is a twin of the Opel Astra C sedan

In Latin America, GM (Chevrolet) decided at first not to produce the Astra H/C, but instead gave the previous model a facelift. The exceptions were Mexico and Chile (since 2006), that received the newer Delta-based model from Europe. In 2005, GM Brazil developed a sedan version of the Astra C on top of the Zafira's longer wheelbase platform and launched it as the Chevrolet Vectra, to replace the aging Vectra B. On 19 October 2006 at the international auto show in Istanbul, Turkey, Opel launched this version of the sedan, to be manufactured in Gliwice as an Opel for several Eurasian markets.[4] At that time, a 3-door van variant of the wagon was introduced by Vauxhall in Britain. In September 2007, GM Brazil announced the availability of a 5-door Astra C hatchback, marketed as Chevrolet Vectra GT to differentiate from the already existing Astra G/B, which remains in production with a lower pricepoint.

The Astra sedan was launched in Republic of Ireland as the Opel Astra Saloon in 2008, the only country in Western Europe where it was sold, and also the first Right hand drive market for the model. [5]

GM Russia launched Complete knock down assembly of Astra on a temporary production site near Saint Petersburg in February 2008, with a potential capacity of 25,000 vehicles annually.[6]

A first for any major Europe car is the availability of digital radio on some versions of the new Astra, while for the Astra product class first are electronic Continuous Damping Control (CDC) and AFL (Adaptive Forward Lighting). In 2005, the new Opel Astra Diesel-electric appeared. By the end of 2005, estate and coupé versions were also launched. In 2008, sales of the Astra commenced in the United States and Canada, where it is sold as the Saturn Astra.

Astra OPC/VXR

During 2005 Opel introduced the OPC version of the Astra GTC (Astra VXR in the UK) which is powered by an updated version of the 2.0 L turbo ecotec engine producing 240 PS (177 kW) and 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) of torque. Standard features of the OPC version include sports bodykit and interior, a six-speed Manual transmission gearbox, xenon headlamps and 18" alloys wheels amongst others.

Astra TwinTop

In 2006, the Astra TwinTop arrived. The "TwinTop" name also applies to the smaller Tigra refers to a folding hard-top coupé version of the car. In the case of the Astra, the TwinTop has a three-part folding metal roof which sits in the upper half of the boot space, leaving considerable luggage space below it. Still marketed as a four-seater, the rear seating space is smaller than a "normal" Astra. The TwinTop was available in three trim levels with a range of engines in each, including a 200PS 2ltr turbo and the 1.9CDi diesel.

Saturn Astra

2008 Saturn Astra XR 5-door

Intended to replace the Saturn Ion as the company's smallest model, the Saturn Corporation Astra is a Captive import built in Antwerp, Belgium.[7] It is available in three and five-door Hatchback body styles, with sales starting on January 2, 2008 and is available with one engine only: a 1.8 L Family 1 DCVCP inline-4 cylinder Gasoline engine with VVT producing 138 hp (103 kW) and with an available five-speed Manual transmission or a four-speed Automatic transmission.

The Astra XE is available only on the five-door hatchback bodystyle version; this is the basic trim level for the 2008 Saturn Astra. The XR version is the more upmarket trim level of the Saturn Astra. This is the only trim level for the three-door version, and is also available on the five-door hatchback. It has 17 inch alloy wheels.[8]

In IIHS crash tests the Astra earns a Good overall score in frontal impacts, while in side impacts it receives a Marginal overall rating. Front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags are standard.[9]

General Motors were predicting sales of between 30,000–40,000 vehicles a year in the United States. The Saturn Astra debuted during the 2007 Chicago Auto Show.[10][11]

Calendar Year Total American sales
2008[12] 11,968

Astra I/D

The next-generation Astra will be based on the GM Delta II platform, and is scheduled to debut at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show[13][14] (September 17-25, 2009).


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Expert online, March 19, 2008
  2. Autoreview, No. 3, 2008
  3. Newsru.com, July 29, 2005
  4. Homola, Peter (2007-08-23). "GM Launches Opel Astra Sedan Output in Poland". WardsAuto.com. http://wardsauto.com/ar/astra_output_poland/. Retrieved on 2008-01-30. 
  5. Motoring: OPEL ASTRA 4-DOOR FOR YOUR EYES ONLY Sunday Mirror March 9, 2008
  6. Autoreview, March 2008
  7. Gastelu, Gary (2008-05-08). ""2008 Saturn Astra 3-Door XR"". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,354437,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-08. 
  8. "Saturn Astra XR". Autoweek. http://www.autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071113/FREE/71113001/1005/FREE. Retrieved on 2007. 
  9. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/ratingsbyseries.aspx?id=650
  10. "Saturn's next Opel: 2008 Astra". AutoWeek. http://www.autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061207/FREE/61207008/1063/PROMOBLOG01. Retrieved on December 7. 
  11. "Inside Line: 2007 Chicago Auto Show: Saturn Takes the Wraps off Euro-Flavored 2008 Astra". Edmunds.com. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=119466. Retrieved on February 8. 
  12. http://media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewpressreldetail.do?domain=2&docid=51161
  13. "GM Media Online: All-new Astra Set to Take Compact Class by Storm in 2009". General Motors. 2008-09-08. http://media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewmonthlyreleasedetail.do?domain=563&docid=48382. Retrieved on 2008-10-21. 
  14. "Car News Blog: 2010 Opel Astra to debut at Frankfurn". Automobile mag. 2008-09-08. http://blogs.automobilemag.com/6277825/car-news/2010-opel-astra-to-debut-in-frankfurt/. Retrieved on 2008-10-21. 

External links

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