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Chevrolet Lumina APV

435 bytes added, 15:07, 3 February 2009
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{{unreferenced|date=July 2008}}
{{Infobox Automobile
|image = [[Image:20031994-06 1996 Chevrolet Avalanche WBHLumina APV.jpg|250px|GMT800 1994-1996 Chevrolet Avalanche WBHLumina APV]]|name = Chevrolet AvalancheLumina APV|manufacturer = [[ChevroletGeneral Motors]]|parent_company production=1989–1996|class= [[General MotorsMinivan]]| production transmission= 2001–present3-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br>4-speed automatic|class layout= [[Full-sizeFF layout]] |platform=[[pickup truckGM A platform]]|body_style = 43-door [[pickup truck|truckvan]]|assembly engine= 3.1&nbsp;L ''[[SilaoGM 60-Degree V6 engine#LG6|LG6]], '' [[MexicoV6]]|layout = <br>3.4&nbsp;L ''[[FrontGM 60-Degree V6 engine design#LA1|Front engineLA1]]'' [[V6]], <br>3.8&nbsp;L ''[[rear-wheel driveBuick V6 engine#Series I|3800 Series I]] / '' [[Four-wheel driveV6]]|fuel_capacity length= 31 US gal (117 L, 251990-93: {{auto in|194.8 Imp2|0}}<Br>1994-96: {{auto in|191. gal)5|0}}|wheelbase = {{Auto auto in|130109.8|0}}|width={{auto in|73.9|0}}|transmission height= 41990-91: {{auto in|65.2|0}}<bR>1992-speed 96: {{auto in|65.7|0}}|weight=3599–3899&nbsp;lb (1632–1769&nbsp;kg)|successor=[[Chevrolet Venture]]|assembly=[[Tarrytown, New York]], [[Automatic transmissionUnited States]]|automaticrelated=[[Oldsmobile Silhouette]]<br>[[Pontiac Trans Sport]]
[[Image:Chevrolet-Lumina-APV.jpg|250px|thumb|right|1989-1993 Chevrolet Lumina APV]]
The '''[[Chevrolet]] Lumina APV''' was a [[minivan]] produced by [[General Motors]] for the 1990 to 1996 model years. The Lumina APV was similar to the [[Pontiac Trans Sport]] and [[Oldsmobile Silhouette]].
The '''Chevrolet Avalanche==Background==General Motors''' is first attempt at producing a four-door, five or six passenger [[sport utility truckminivan]] to compete with the [[Dodge Caravan]] sharing and [[General Motors|GM'sPlymouth Voyager]] long-wheelbase chassis used on , the [[Chevrolet SuburbanAstro]] and its twin, the [[Cadillac Escalade EXTGMC Safari]]. Unlike the typical pickup truck, the open bed failed to make a noticeable dent in [[Chrysler]]'s almost total dominance of the Avalanche opens to minivan market in the back seat area via late eighties, so this second attempt was made. The Lumina APV was introduced as part of a folding panel (marketed as proposed full line of [[Chevrolet Lumina]] vehicles that in the end, included just a 'midgate') minivan and removable rear windowsedan. A series of three removable panels form a watertight top The "APV" designation stood for "All Purpose Vehicle" and while the cargo bedvehicle itself was certainly versatile and featured many innovative features, the unusual space age design failed to resonate with many potential minivan buyers. Additional storage is provided behind each wheelwellThe vehicle shared the unibody frame, accessed by locking flip-top panels and usable as self-draining ice chests.componentry with the [[GM A platform]]
The name Avalanche derives from ==Technology and innovative features==Assembled in the dangerous now defunct General Motors [[Tarrytown, New York]] assembly facility, these [[GM U platform|U-body]] vans consisted of a galvanized steel spaceframe wrapped in composite plastic body panels that were impervious to rust and sudden collapse of mountain snowpacks known as minor dents and dings, a manufacturing technique developed on the [[avalanchePontiac Fiero]]and used extensively on General Motors' [[Saturn Corporation|Saturn]] line of vehicles.
{{TOCleft}}The Lumina APV was available with seating for seven, with the five lightweight (34 lb) rear seats being individually reconfigurable and removable. In 1994, built-in child seats were added to the option list, which provided the ability to switch two of the rear seats between adult and child seating with the pull of a seat-mounted tab.
==2001 The Lumina APV was the only version of the trio to offer a [[commercial vehicle]] model that featured a rubber- 2006==matted floor in lieu of carpeting, deletion of rear seating and painted plastic panels in place of the side rear glass. {{Infobox Automobile generationIncluded with the optional level ride package, which utilized a compressor and air-pressurized rear shock absorbers to maintain vehicle height regardless of load, was a control panel and air hose kit that allowed the vehicle to be used to inflate tires, air mattresses, sporting equipment and the like.|name = First generation / GMT800|image = [[Image:1stIn 1994, a remote-Chevrolet-Avalanchecontrolled power sliding door feature was added, a General Motors innovation, which is now found in almost every other minivan available.jpg|250px|GMT800 Chevrolet Avalanche]]|production = 2001&ndash;2006|engine = 5For the 1994 and 1995 model years, traction control was available with the 3.3 8 L [[V8V6]]<br>8.1 L V8 |related = [[Cadillac Escalade]]<br>[[Chevrolet Tahoe]]/[[GMC Yukon]]<br>[[Chevrolet Suburban]]/[[GMC Yukon XL]]<br>[[Chevrolet Silverado]]/[[GMC Sierra]]<Br>[[Hummer H2]]|length = 2002-03: {{Auto in|221.7|0}}<br>2004-06: {{Auto in|221.6|0}}|width = {{Auto in|79.8|0}}|height Modest sales success= 2002-03: {{Auto in|73.3|0}}<Br>2004-06: {{Auto in|73.6|0}}|platform = [[GM GMT platform#GMT800|GM GMT800 platform]]}}Avalanche The design of these minivans was launched in 2001 as controversial. At the time that the Chevrolet Lumina APV and its siblings were conceived, no one had tried to market a 2002 model on the [[stylish or sporty minivan, and GM GMT platform#GMT800|GMT800]] platformfelt that that represented a potentially large market segment. First year Avalanches featured light gray plastic body cladding, intended They styled these minivans to provide visual distinction from be lower and sleeker than any of the competing brands on the [[Chevrolet Suburban|Suburban/Yukon XL]]market. Avalanche also gave The extremely large, long and sloped windshield and the public an advance look at resultant long distance to the next generation base of front fascia designs for the entire GM line. A full-length chrome strip splits each lamp assembly and windshield when sitting in the grille, with drivers seat made for a disconcerting driving experience until a gold Chevrolet person could adjust to the "bow tiedifferent" in the centerproportions. The hood and fenders featured aggressive folds, in contrast to Automotive magazines christened the soft box of the other GMT800 modelsnew minivans "dustbusters" after a household vacuum cleaning appliance that shared a similar side profile.
2003 models featured darker cladding, but GM's new president, [[Rick Wagoner]], demanded deletion of this "unpopular" trim (as did certain elements of the public)The first engine in these vans was a meager 3. From mid-year1&nbsp;L V6, Avalanche could be ordered without the cladding. The uncladded modelthat produced only {{convert|120|hp|abbr=on}}, known as which was not up to the Without Body Hardware (or better by its acronym "WBH"), and alternatively called "slicksides" by GM marketers, resembles the '03-'05 [[Chevrolet Silverado|Silverado]] in the fronttask of hauling these fairly heavy vehicles around with any authority.
Avalanche was nominated for In 1992, the Lumina APV and its siblings received the ''170&nbsp;hp 3.8&nbsp;L [[North American Car of the YearBuick V6 engine#Series I|North American Truck of the Year3800 Series I]]'' award V6 as an option. The 3.8L provided much better torque and was ''[[Motor Trend]]'' magazineacceleration for the vans, making them the most powerful minivans in production at the time, until Ford's 1996 [[Car of the YearFord Windstar|SUV of the YearWindstar]] for 2002[]8L debuted with {{convert|200|hp|abbr=on}}.
There are two [[Internal combustion engineImage:ChevroletLuminaAPV.jpg|250px|enginethumb|right|Facelifted Chevrolet Lumina APV]] choices: * A [[GM Vortec engine|Vortec]] 5.3&nbsp;L [[V8]] producing 290&nbsp;hp In response to criticism (216&nbsp;[[Watt#Kilowatt|kW]]and relatively modest sales)attributable to the vehicles' avantgarde styling, feedback from potential customers, automotive publications, and even chiding in Chrysler Corporation's advertising, in 1994, for the half-ton 1500 series; * A [[GM Vortec engine #8100Trans Sport and Lumina APV received a facelift, shortening the nose by {{convert|3|in| Vortec]] 8.1&nbsp;L V8 with 340&nbsp;hp (253&nbsp;kW), for mm}} and elimination of the three-quarter-ton 2500 series. The drive train is black painted roof and [[reara-wheel drive]] or available with selectable high/low [[four-wheel drivepillar]]"canopy effect" to impart a more conventional look. Additionally a ridge was added to the interior dashboard to lessen the perceived distance to the base of the windshield.
===Cladding trouble===Soon after the release Production of this generation of the Chevy Avalanche customers began to notice cosmetic problems with the cladding on their vehicles. Over minivans ceased in 1996, at which time exposure to heat and sunlight would cause a chalky faded appearance. It was especially noticeable on the cargo bed panels, Tarrytown plant which produced them and sailpanel windows where "Zebra Striping" would appear. Customer reaction to this problem resulted which had been in General Motors agreeing to a one time treatment of a product called ArmorDillo. This product would temporarily restore the cladding for a period of about 6 months. After that it would wear off then need to be re-applied. Realizing this was not a permanent solution, GM, together with Gatorback Coatingsoperation since 1900, developed a coating that could be applied to the cladding to restore it to a like-new shine. This product was designed to etch into the plastic shuttered and bond a new layer of tinted acrylic over the faded plastic. Customers within the 3yr/36,000 original factory warranty could go to their dealership to have it restored under their original warranty under GM TSB:04-08-111-001C. With the exclusion of side body cladding on the 2007+ model years this has reduced the amount of cladding fade. General Motors has also identified the original source of the faded cladding. With that information they were able to reduce the cladding fade problem on the [[GM GMT platform#GMT900|GM GMT900 platform]]scheduled for demolition.
==2007 - present=={{Infobox Automobile generation|name = Second generation / GMT900|image = [[Image:2nd-Chevrolet-Avalanche.jpg|250px|GMT900 Chevrolet Avalanche LT]]|production = 2007&ndash;present|engine = 5.3 L V8<br>6.0 L [[V8]]|related = [[Cadillac Escalade]]<br>[[Chevrolet Tahoe]]/[[GMC Yukon]]<br>[[Chevrolet Suburban]]/[[GMC Yukon XL]]<br>[[Chevrolet Silverado]]/[[GMC Sierra]]|platform = [[GM GMT platform#GMT900|GM GMT900 platform]]|length = {{Auto in|221.3|0}}|width = {{Auto in|79.1|0}}|height = {{Auto in|76.6|0}}}}The [[GM GMT platform#GMT900|GMT900]] Avalanche Lumina APV was introduced at replaced by the [[Chicago Auto ShowChevrolet Venture]] in February 2006. Production of the redesigned Avalanche began at the [[Silao Assembly]] in March 2006. The Avalanche maintains the styled front end much like its sister vehicleswhich was a completely new vehicle, the with conventional steel [[Chevrolet Tahoe|Tahoe/Yukonunibody]] construction and Suburban, yet it still has the distinct midgate and integrated bed as found on the previous incarnation. It has all the same standard and available features as the Suburban and the Tahoe. A 2007 Avalanche was given away to the Most Valuable Player of extremely conventional styling which purposely aped the class-leading [[2006 in baseball|2006Dodge Caravan]] and [[Major League Baseball All-Star Game]], [[Michael Young (baseball player)|Michael YoungPlymouth Voyager]].
Engines:==Year-to-year changes==* 5.3&nbsp;L [[GM Vortec engine#5300|Vortec 5300]] [[V8]] with [[Active Fuel Management]], 320&nbsp;hp (239&nbsp;kW)===1991===* 6Customer complaints regarding glare reflected on the interior of the windshield from the massive expanse of dashboard led to the addition of black carpeting in lieu of the more reflective plastic used in the previous year.0&nbsp;L [[GM Vortec engine#HO 6000|VortecMAX]] [[V8]] with [[variable valve timing|VVT]] and [[Active Fuel Management]], 366&nbsp;hp (265&nbsp;kW) (late 2006)
==Cultural references=1992===* Newly available for 1992 was GM's [[Buick V6 engine#Series I|3800 Series I]] {{convert|170|hp|abbr=on}} V6 engine coupled with a [[Sufjan StevensGM 4T60-E transmission|4T60-E]]'s 2006 album ''4-speed electronically-controlled [[automatic transmission]].*The Avalanchecowl-mounted fixed radio antenna mast was eliminated, and an integrated roof antenna was installed, sandwiched between the roof and the [[headliner]]'' features a Chevy Avalanche on .*Side view mirrors were changed to the cover folding type and is hinted at in the album's title track "The Avalanche" were enlarged to provide better rear-ward visibility.*Brakes were enlarged and [[anti-lock brakes]] ("I ABS) was on the hatch/riding on the avalanche")added as standard equipment.
===1993===* In ''[[CSI: NY]]''A remote controlled power sliding side door was announced for 1993, Detective Stella Bonasera drives but failed to actually make it into production that year.*A redesigned center console was added this year with revamped, larger climate controls, a large storage cubby and a GMT800 Avalanchelarge storage bin at its base.
==Yearly American sales=1994=={| class="wikitable"|-! Calendar Year! Total American sales|-| 2001<ref></ref>| 52*The exterior styling was revamped,955|-| 2002| 89three inches (76 mm) were trimmed off the nose,372|headlights taken from the [[Pontiac Bonneville]] were installed and the "canopy-| 2003| |effect" black painted forward section of the roof and [[a-| 2004<ref></ref>| 80pillar]]s was changed to body color,566|all in an effort to make the vehicle seem more like its conservatively-styled competitors.| 2005| 63*In an effort to lessen the perceived distance to the base of the windshield,186a ridge was added to the interior dash finishing panel.|*A remote-| 2006<ref> power sliding door became available as an</ref>| 57,076|*Built-in child seats for the second row became available as an option.| 2007| 55,550*A traction control system became available as an option.|*Rear deep-tinted windows now featured a darker tint than previously used.| 2008<ref>*A driver's side [[airbag]] became standard</ref>| 35,003|}
==External links=1995===*[http:/Automatic power door locks that engaged/wwwdisengaged with the transmission shifting into or out of "park" added as a standard feature of the power door lock option Chevrolet Avalanche official site]*[ Chevy Avalanche Club -For Chevy Avalanche Truck Owners]
==References=1996===*Final year of production. The APV was replaced by the [[Chevrolet Venture]].*Both the 3.1 and 3.8 L V6 engines were dropped, and the 3.4 L ''[[GM 60-Degree V6 engine#LA1|LA1]]'' V6 became the only engine available with {{convert|180|hp|abbr=on}} and 205 ft*lb of torque.<references/>*Traction control dropped as an option.
{{Chevrolet Truck}}
[[Category:All wheel drive vehicles]][[Category:Chevrolet vehicles|Avalanche]][[Category:Flexible-fuel vehiclesLumina APV]]<!-- selected 2005 models -->[[Category:Sport utility trucksMinivans]][[Category:Rear Front wheel drive vehicles]][[Category:2000s 1990s automobiles]][[Category:Vehicles introduced Goods manufactured in 2001the United States]]
[[de:Chevrolet AvalancheLumina APV]][[ltes:Chevrolet AvalancheLumina APV]][[jalt:シボレー・アバランチChevrolet Lumina APV]][[pt:Chevrolet Avalanche]][[tr:Chevrolet AvalancheLumina APV]]

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