Chevrolet Suburban

From Chevy Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search


Chevrolet Suburban
GMT900 Chevrolet Suburban LT
Automotive industryGeneral Motors
Production1935–present
Car classificationFull-size SUV, Station wagon

The Chevrolet Suburban is a large Sport utility vehicle from Chevrolet. It is the longest-lived continuous Automobile nameplate still in production, dating from 1935 and is likely to be produced under this name for the foreseeable future. For most of its recent history, the Suburban has been a Station wagon bodied version of the Chevrolet pickup truck, including the Chevrolet C/K series of truck-based vehicles. It has been traditionally one of General Motors' most profitable vehicles, with relatively high resale value for an American truck and Station wagon. The planned replacements for the Chevrolet Suburban and the Chevrolet Tahoe were cancelled by GM executives in 2008.[1]

Contents

History


Many automotive companies in the United States used the "Suburban" name to indicate a windowed, station wagon type body on a commercial frame including Dodge, Plymouth (automobile), Studebaker, Nash, Chevrolet, and GMC (automobile). With the end of production of the Dodge Town Wagon in 1966, only General Motors continued to manufacture a vehicle branded as a "Suburban", and they were awarded an exclusive trademark on the name in 1988. The Suburban is one of the largest SUVs on the market. It has outlasted many competitive vehicles such as the Travelall, Jeep Wagoneer, and the Ford Excursion. The latest competitor is an extended Ford Expedition.

The Suburban of the 1990s and 2000s is a full-size SUV with three rows of seating, a full Pickup truck frame, and V8 engine. The trucks are popular with large Suburban families due to their "go anywhere, haul anything" nature, but have been criticized for their excessive bulk and poor fuel economy. The Suburban is one of the few Station wagon available with all bench rows. Unlike smaller 3-row full-sized SUV's such as the Tahoe, the extra length provides a full-sized cargo area behind the up to 9 passengers to carry their luggage for an extended trip, and tow a sizeable trailer. This class of truck remains much more popular than full-sized vans which can carry even more passengers and tow trailers.

Chevrolet began production of its all steel "carryall-suburban" in 1935. GMC Truck brought out its version in 1937. These vehicles were also known as the "Suburban Carryall" until rebranded simply as the "Suburban" in the 1980s with the arrival of the SUV craze.

General Motors has produced these large SUV for both its GMC and Chevrolet Marque. In 2000 the GMC version was renamed the Yukon XL; Chevrolet models retain the Suburban name. In 2003 Cadillac introduced its version of the Suburban, calling it the Cadillac Escalade ESV. Seating varies from 7 to 9 depending on the version and options selected. Shorter versions of these vehicles are sold as the Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, and Cadillac Escalade. Versions with a pickup bed in place of the rear cargo box are sold as the Chevrolet Avalanche and Cadillac Escalade EXT.

In recent years, the Suburban has been popular as a Police car, Fire chief's vehicle, or Emergency Medical Services Fly-car. Suburbans are also popular when converted for duty as a Limousine. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino (Las Vegas) in Las Vegas, NV operates a fleet of purple Suburbans to serve VIP patrons and high rollers. On the HBO series The Sopranos Tony Soprano drives a GMT400 model Chevrolet Suburban.

In the late 1990s, GM also introduced a Right hand drive version of the Suburban, badged as a Holden, for the Australia consumer. It proved to be a failure, however, and GM withdrew the Suburban in 2000 from Holden's lineup.

1933 - 1934

1933-1934
Production1933-1934
Car body style2-door wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout

Chevrolet offered a Station wagon body, built on the 1/2 ton truck frame. This model was specifically built for United States National Guard units and Civilian Conservation Corps units. Much of the body was constructed from wood, and could seat up to eight occupants.

1935 - 1940

1935-1940
Production1935-1940
Car body style2-door Station wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout

Chevrolet offered the body style as a "Carryall Suburban". These share the front sheetmetal and frames of the 1/2 ton pickup models of the same year, but featured all-metal wagon bodies differing very little in shape from contemporary "woodie" wagons. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided, with three in front row, two in the middle row, and three in the rear row. Either rear panel doors or a rear tailgate/lift window were provided for easy loading and unloading of luggage.

1941 - 1947 - "Art Deco"

1941-1947
Production1941-1947
Car body style2-door wagon
Automobile layoutFR layout

Suburbans were built in model years 1941, 1942, and 1946. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided. Models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116." The Chevrolet versions were equipped a 216 cubic inch 6 cylinder engine. The GMC version was equipped with a GMC Straight-6 engine.

1947 - 1955 - "Advance Design"

1947-1955
Production1947-1955
Car body style2-door Carryall
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine216 Cubic inch (3.5 L) L6
235 cu in (3.9 L) L6 after 1954
Transmission (mechanics)3 speed manual, optional 4 speed manual, and the GMC 3spd hydramatic available only in 1954 and up models.

Beginning in 1954, the Powerglide 2-forward-speed Automatic transmission is available in the Chevrolet Suburban (GMC offered this transmission in 1953). As with the Art Deco series, models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116."

This was the last series to feature "Canopy express" models.

1955 - 1959 - "Task Force"

1955-1959
1955 Chevy Suburban
Production1955-1959
Car body style2-door carryall
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine265 cu in (4.3 L) V8
283 cu in (4.6 L) V8

Engines included I-6 and the small block V-8s. Chevrolet used its 265 V-8 engine, later evolving it to a 283-cubic-inch version. GMC based their V-8 on a Pontiac V8 engine design. Standard Suburban model numbers continued from the previous series, but the introduction of four-wheel-drive models in 1957 added the numbers "3156" for 4WD Suburbans with panel doors, and "3166" for 4WD Suburbans with tailgates.

1960 - 1966 - "First Generation C/K"

1960-1966
1966 GMC Carryall
Also calledGMC Carryall
Production1960-1966
Car body style2-door SUV
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Internal combustion engine305 cu in (5.0 L) V6

The styling of the 1960 - 1961 model year took cues from the late 1950s Chevrolet cars and had large oval ports above the grille. The cab featured a "wrap around" windshield. Both tailgate and "barn door" rear openings were available. From 1962 onwards, the hood styling was 'toned down' a bit, with a more modern looking hood that eliminated the large ports. In 1964, the front glass area was updated to a flatter windshield, and larger door glass.

This model series introduced a factory-equipped 4WD ("K") option for the first time. The 2WD "C" models introduced a Torsion bar-based independent front suspension and trailing arm and coil spring rear. But by 1963, returned to a more conventional coil-spring approach.

Engines included both I-6 and small-block V-8s. A GMC V6 engine was also available on GMC models. The 305 was actually 'brought down' from GMCs medium duty truck line. It featured huge torque numbers, but was also notable for poor fuel economy.

One ton (C-30), 10-foot (3 m) panel truck models were no longer available after 1966.

1967 - 1972 - "Three doors"

1967-1972
Chevrolet Suburban Custom Deluxe
Also calledGMC Carryall
Production1967-1972
Car body style3-door SUV
Automobile layoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Internal combustion engine305 cu in (5.0 L) V6
283 cu in (4.6 L) V8
307 cu in (5.0 L) V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
1972 customized GMC Suburban
The second generation C/K Suburbans are easily recognised by having only a single drivers side door and two passenger-side doors. They were available in both Two-wheel drive and Four-wheel drive models. Engines included the six-cylinder (e.g., Chevrolet 292-cubic-inch Straight-6, and GMC V6 engine V-6), and small-block V-8s of the current model year (e.g., 283, 307, 350, 400-cubic-inch V-8s.) For the first time, a three-quarter ton version was available.

1971 saw the introduction of disc brakes on the front wheels, and 1972 was the last year for coil spring rear suspension on 2WD models.

This series would also be the last to offer C-10 & C-20 Panel truck models for commercial purposes.

1973 - 1991 - "9-passenger seating"

1973-1991
GMC Suburban
Also calledGMC Suburban
Production1973-1991
AssemblyFlint, Michigan
Janesville, Wisconsin
Car body style4-door SUV
Automobile layoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Internal combustion engineDiesel:
5.7L (350 cu in) 125 hp (93 kW) V8
6.2L (376 cu in) 130 hp (97 kW) V8
6.2L (376 cu in) 148 hp (110 kW) V8
Gasoline:
5.7L (350 cu in) 195 hp (145 kW) V8
5.7L (350 cu in) 210 hp (160 kW) V8
7.4L (454 cu in) 250 hp (190 kW)
Transmission (mechanics)3-speed Automatic transmission
4-speed Automatic transmission
3-speed +low range manual
Wheelbase129.5 in (3289 mm)
Length219.1 in (5565 mm)
Width79.6 in (2022 mm)
HeightR10: 72.0 in (1829 mm)
V10: 73.8 in (1875 mm)
R20: 74.3 in (1887 mm)
V20: 76.1 in (1933 mm)
RelatedChevrolet K-Blazer/GMC K-Jimmy
Chevrolet/GMC C/K
GMC Suburban Sierra Classic

Starting with the third generation C/K models, the Suburban was finally a 4-door vehicle. The rounded corners 1970s body style remained largely unchanged for 18 model years - making this series the longest in production of any Suburban. Both 2WD and 4WD models, designated "C" and "K" were offered, as well as one-half ton and three-quarter ton ("10" and "20" on the Chevy, "1500" and "2500" for GMC) models. The one ton model designation was the C or K 30 for Chevrolet and 3500 for GMC.

The base engine was the small-block 350-cubic-inch V-8. A 400-cubic-inch V-8 was optional. The 454-cubic-inch big-block V-8 was now available for the first time, most commonly in the 2WD three-quarter ton models. The 6.2 L (376 cu in) Detroit Diesel V8 engine was also available from 1982-onwards. The Diesel later became the engine of choice for Suburbans exported to Europe from USA.

Three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic Automatic transmission were initially provided. In the 1/2 ton models, the Turbo-Hydramatic 350 was used, and in the 3/4 ton models, the Turbo-Hydramatic 400 was used. Towing packages, offering gearing reduction and cooling additions for heavy loads, were available. A "positraction" Limited slip differential was optional. Later vehicles came equipped with rear Anti-lock brakes (only active in 2WD).

Trim options included base level, and upgraded Silverado versions. An optional 3rd row bench seat allowed for 9-passenger configurations. A rear heating system was optional, as well, to help heat the long vehicle's interior.

In 1986 and 1987, the engines were switched from Carburetor to Electronic fuel injection. The system that GM chose was called Fuel injection, or TBI. The change improved fuel economy, performance, and emissions. Overdrive (mechanics)-equipped 4-speed Automatic transmission were also incorporated - in the form of the 700R4 (1/2 ton models) and 4L80 (3/4 ton models).

General Motors temporarily changed the usual "C/K" designation to "R" and "V" for the 1988 through 1991 model years. This was done to avoid confusion with the GMT400-based C/K pickup trucks, which were introduced in 1988, during the overlap period.

Also this was the last generation to come from the factory with a solid front axle and New Process transfer cases. You could either have manual or automatic hubs on later 1/2 ton models, but 3/4 and early 1/2 tons all had the manual hubs.

1992 - 1999 - GMT400

GMT400
GMT400 Chevrolet Suburban 1500
Also calledGMC Suburban
Holden Suburban
Production1992-1999
Car body style4-door SUV
Automobile layoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Automobile platformGMT400
Internal combustion engine6.5 L (395 cu in) L56 Turbo Diesel V8
5.7 L (350 cu in) L05 V8
{auto Lrev
Vortec V8
7.4 L (454 cu in) L19 V8
7.4 L (454 cu in) Vortec V8

| transmission = 4-speed Automatic transmission | length = Chevrolet: 219.5 in (5575 mm)
1992-94 GMC: 218.9 in (5560 mm)
1995-96 GMC: 220.0 in (5588 mm) | width = 73.6 in (1869 mm) (1992-94 Chevrolet) – 77.0 in (1956 mm) (1995-96 GMC) | height = 68.8 in (1748 mm) (1992-94 GMC) – 74.6 in (1895 mm) (1997-99 2500 4WD) | wheelbase = 131.5 in (3340 mm) | assembly = Janesville, Wisconsin
Arlington, Texas
Silao, Mexico }}

GMT400 GMC Suburban

The GMT400-based Suburbans were introduced in the 1992 model year. This was actually quite late compared to their Pickup truck brethren - which switched platforms in the 1988 model year. Both 2WD and 4WD models, again designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as half ton and three-quarter ton ("1500" and "2500") models.

The base engine for all variants was the small-block 5.7 L (350 cu in) V-8. The big-block 7.4 L (454 cu in) V-8 was optional for the 2500 series. The optional 6.5 L Turbo diesel was available on all models - though rare on the 1500 series. The 6.5 L Turbo diesel]] used in the Tahoe was reduced power to 380 lb/ft torque due to the limitation of the 8.5-inch axle capacity. 1500 Suburbans with the 6.5 L Turbo diesel used the 14 bolt axle from the 2500 series.

Transmissions included the GM 4L60-E transmission 4-speed automatic in the 1500 series, and the heavier duty GM 4L80-E transmission 4-speed automatic in the 2500 series.

The GMT400 series introduced Independent front suspension for a more comfortable ride compared to older models. The 2WD models used Coil spring and 4WD models used Torsion bar in the front suspension. All models used a Live axle and Leaf spring in the rear.

Trim options included a base-level version, the LS, and the LT. Interior seating arrangements allowed for either bucket or bench seating in the first row, and optional 3rd row bench. Thus it could be configured from 2- to 9-passenger seating.

There were a number of mid-life upgrades on the GMT400. These include:

  • Revised interior in 1995 - including a driver-side Air bag
  • Vortec engines with increased Power (physics) and Fuel efficiency in 1996
  • Passenger-side air bags and Onstar in 1997
  • Variable assist power steering was added to the GMT400 platform in the 1998 model year
  • A new Auto4WD option in 1998
  • Airbags in 1998-99 were two stage deployment

In 1998, Holden premiered the right-hand-drive version of Suburban for local Australian and Kiwi markets with either petrol or diesel motors. However, the sheer size and poor quality material doomed its first foray into the RHD market. Interestingly, General Motors chose to engineer and build the right-hand drive conversion rather than relying on Quigley 4x4, one of the approved and most experienced conversion specialists. Quigley 4x4 had done the exceptional RHD conversion utilising the high quality material and mirror-image dashboard. General Motors instead utilised the modified dashboard from 1995-2005 RHD Chevrolet Blazer.

Towing

  • Towing capacity on 454/7400 powered Suburbans, C2500/K2500 class leading 10,000 lbs when equipped with 4.10 gears.

1999 - 2006 - GMT800

GMT800
GMT800 Chevrolet Suburban
Also calledGMC Yukon XL
Cadillac Escalade ESV
Production2000-2006
AssemblyJanesville, Wisconsin
Arlington, Texas
Silao, Mexico
Car body style4-door Sport utility vehicle
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Automobile platformGM GMT platform
Internal combustion engine5.3 L (325 cu in) Vortec V8[2]
6.0 L (364 cu in)Vortec V8[3]
8.1 L (496 cu in) Vortec V8[4]
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase130.0 in (3302 mm)
Length219.3 in (5570 mm)
Width78.8 in (2002 mm) – 79.8 in (2027 mm)
Height73.3 in (1862 mm) (2000-02 Chevy 1500 4WD) – 77.1 in (1958 mm) (Yukon XL 2500 4WD)
RelatedCadillac Escalade
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon
Hummer H2
GMT800 GMC Yukon XL
GMT800 GMC Yukon XL Denali

The GMT800-based Suburbans were introduced in late 1999 as the 2000 model year. Chevrolet sold two models of Suburbans: 1/2 ton and 3/4 Ton. They came in either LS or LT trim packages. All models came in either 2wd or optional push button 4wd(w/ low range transfer case). A tow hitch with a trailer brake controller was standard.

2001: Both the LT now came with OnStar standard. The 6.0 liter (364 cu in) put out 20 Horsepower (15 Watt) more, and an 8.1 liter (496 cu in) was an option for the 3/4 ton.

2002: Many features from the options list were added to the standard equipment on the LS model, including A/C, Alloy wheels, Power Windows, Power Front seats, and Rear HVAC Controls. A Z71 off-road package was added for 2002, which included special Body moldings and special 17-inch (430 mm) wheels with aggressive tread tires, the package was only available with four wheel drive.

2003: Responding to many critics of GM's hard plastic and cold, unfriendly looking interiors, the Suburban and the rest of Chevrolet's line of full size trucks received reworked interiors, complete with RDS radio, tri-zone climate control(driver, passenger, and rear seats), new power window switches, a more ergonomic steering wheel with audio controls, Power adjustable pedals, Stability Control, and many other entertainment options and creature comforts.

2004: Tire Pressure monitor now standard on all trim levels.

2004 (Mexico): The Suburban receives a front end update, matching the one of the Silverado. This update was exclusive to the Suburban, the Sonora (Tahoe) never received it.

2005: Stability control becomes standard on the 1500(1/2 ton) models, and the Z71 was available with 2wd. A navigation system became an option.

2006: An LTZ package became available, coming with 20-inch (510 mm) wheels, all wheel drive, and the 6.0 was standard and also the first time available in the 1/2 ton model.

Engines

  • Vortec 325Cubic inch displacement V8 285 hp (213 kW) 00-02 295 hp (220 kW) 03-06 at 5200 rpm and 335 Ft·lbf (454 N.m) of Torque at 4000 Rpm).
  • Vortec 6000 364 cu in V8 (335 hp at 5200 rpm and 375 ft·lbf (508 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm).
  • Vortec 8100 496 cu in V8 (325 hp at 4200 rpm and 447 ft·lbf (606 N·m) of torque at 3200 rpm).

Towing

  • Towing capacity on 8100 powered Suburbans, 4x2 and 4x4 2500's was a world class 12,500 lbs when equipped with 4.10 gears.

2007 - present - GMT900

GMT900
GMT900 Chevrolet Suburban LT
Also calledGMC Yukon XL
Cadillac Escalade ESV
Production2007-present
AssemblyJanesville, Wisconsin, USA
Arlington, Texas, USA
Silao, Mexico
Car body style4-door Sport utility vehicle
Automobile layoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Automobile platformGM GMT platform
Internal combustion engine5.3 L (325 cu in) Vortec V8
6.0 L (364 cu in) Vortec V8
6.2 L (376 cu in) Vortec V8 (Yukon Denalis, Escalades, and Tahoe LTZ only)[5]
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Automatic transmission, 6-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase130.0 in (3302 mm)
Length222.4 in (5649 mm)
Width79.1 in (2009 mm)
Height76.8 in (1951 mm)
Denali: 77.1 in (1958 mm)
RelatedCadillac Escalade
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon
GMT900 GMC Yukon XL
GMT900 GMC Yukon XL Denali

The 2007 Model year Suburban and Yukon XL were unveiled at the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show in January. Production of the redesigned GM GMT platform Suburban and Yukon XL began at Janesville Assembly and Silao Assembly in March 2006, with the vehicles arriving at dealerships in April.

The new models have been redesigned with more modern styling, which has been seen on the already released Tahoes and Yukons. The exterior features a more Aerodynamic shape, made partly by a steeply raked windshield angle. The new design has less drag than previous models, making it more aerodynamic.

The interior has a redesigned dashboard and improved seats. It still retains its 9-passenger seating availability, which is available on LS, LT, LTZ, and Z71 models. LT2, LT3, and LTZ models welcome leather seating and available 6, 7, and 8 passenger seating. There is a Z71 Package available which includes two-tone leather seats. In order to get the Z71 package you must have LT2 or LT3.

Towing is the best of any 4x4 SUV, with the ability to tow up to 9,600 pounds on three-quarter ton models and a GCVW of 16,000 lbs.

Yearly American sales


Calendar Year Total American sales
2001[6] 154,782
2002 151,056
2003 135,222
2004[7] 119,545
2005 87,011
2006[8] 77,211
2007 83,673
2008[9] 54,058

References


External links

Personal tools