Chevrolet Cavalier

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Chevrolet Cavalier
1988-1990 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
Automotive industryGeneral Motors
Production1982–2005
PredecessorChevrolet Monza
SuccessorChevrolet Cobalt (For United States and Canada)
Chevrolet Optra (For Mexico)
Car classificationSubcompact (1982-87)
Compact car (1988-2005)
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformGM J platform

The Chevrolet Cavalier was a compact automobile produced from 1982 to 2005 by General Motors. Built on the company's GM J platform, the Cavalier was one of the best-selling cars in the United States throughout its life.[1]

Contents

Predecessors


The Cavalier replaced the Monza, which was available as a 2-door Coupe, a 3-door Hatchback and a 3-door Station wagon (using the same body as the discontinued Vega wagon, the model it replaced). The inexpensive Chevette was retained even as sales declined, and was formally replaced by even smaller captive imports. Both previous platforms had conventional rear-drive layouts while the new design could compete on the same level with more efficient front wheel drive offerings, such as the Dodge Omni and Honda Civic. Ford Motor Company and Chrysler also introduced new front drive compacts. The largely successful mission of capturing the bulk of domestic compact sales would fall on the Cavalier's 2-door Coupe, 4-door Sedan (car) and 4-door Station wagon, the relatively short-lived 3-door Hatchback (which replaced the Monza 2+2 (car body style) Sport 4-door hatchback) and, in later years, a 2-door Convertible. The small Cavalier even helped fill in lagging sales of the Compact car Citation (a Nova replacement).

First generation


First generation
1985-1987 Chevrolet Cavalier wagon
Model year1982–1987
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio
Lansing, Michigan
Janesville, Wisconsin
Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico
South Gate, California (1982 only)
Kansas City, Missouri
Car body style2-door Convertible
2-door Coupe
3-door Hatchback
4-door Sedan (car)
4-door Station wagon
Internal combustion engine1.8 L Straight-4
2.0 L Straight-4
2.8 L V6
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed Manual transmission
5-speed Manual transmission
3-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase101.2 in (2570 mm)
LengthSedan: 174.5 in (4432 mm)
Coupe: 173.5 in (4407 mm)
Wagon: 177.9 in (4519 mm)
WidthSedan & Coupe: 66.0 in (1676 mm)
Wagon: 66.3 in (1684 mm)
HeightSedan & Coupe: 52.0 in (1321 mm)
Wagon: 54.2 in (1377 mm)
Fuel capacity13.6 US gal
RelatedBuick Skyhawk
Cadillac Cimarron
Oldsmobile Firenza
Pontiac Sunbird
Vauxhall Cavalier

The Cavalier first went on sale in early 1981 as a 1982 model with front-wheel-drive, a choice of two four-cylinder Pushrod engines, and coupe, sedan, hatchback, and station wagon body styles.

1983 Cavaliers offered Electronic fuel injection, and a V6 engine became available in 1985, uncommon for a compact car. 1985 also brought minor styling changes.

The Cavalier was largely identical to the Pontiac Sunbird. Before the Pontiac brand was officially introduced in Mexico in 1992, Cavaliers sold there featured Sunbird body panels, as opposed to US-spec Cavalier panels. From 1993 on, the sibling marques were both offered, as in the United States.

1985-1987 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
1985-1987 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
1985-1987 Chevrolet Cavalier wagon

Second generation


Second generation
1991-1994 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
Model year1988-1994
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio
Lansing, Michigan
Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico
Car body style2-door Convertible
2-door Coupe
4-door Sedan (car)
4-door Station wagon
Internal combustion engine2.0 L Straight-4
2.2 L Straight-4
2.8 L V6
3.1 L V6
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase1988-89: 101.2 in (2570 mm)
1990-94: 101.3 in (2573 mm)
Length1988-89: 178.6 in (4536 mm)
1988-89 Wagon: 178.8 in (4542 mm)
1990-94: 182.3 in (4630 mm)
1990-94 Wagon: 181.1 in (4600 mm)
Width66.3 in (1684 mm)
1988-89 Sedan/Coupe/Wagon: 66.0 in (1676 mm)
Height1988-1991 Coupe & 1990-91 Convertible: 52.0 in (1321 mm)
1988-1991 Sedan: 53.6 in (1361 mm)
1988-89 & 1992-94 Convertible: 52.2 in (1326 mm)
1988-89 Wagon: 54.3 in (1379 mm)
1990-91 Wagon: 54.1 in (1374 mm)
1992-94 Wagon: 53.8 in (1367 mm)
1992-94 Coupe: 51.9 in (1318 mm)
1992-94 Sedan: 53.5 in (1359 mm)
Curb weight2,359 lb (1,070 kg) (coupe)
2,363 lb (1,072 kg) (sedan)
2,271 lb (1,030 kg) (RS coupe)
2,414 lb (1,095 kg) (RS sedan)
2,558 lb (1,160 kg) (Z24 coupe)
2,665 lb (1,209 kg) (Z24 convertible)
Fuel capacity15.2-18 US gal
RelatedBuick Skyhawk
Cadillac Cimarron
Oldsmobile Firenza
Pontiac Sunbird
Vauxhall Cavalier

1988 Cavaliers were redesigned with fresh styling and modified engines. The hatchback disappeared from the line, but the other bodystyles continued. The exterior and interior were freshened in 1991.

1988-1990 Cavalier wagon
1991-1994 Cavalier coupe
1991-1994 Cavalier Z24 convertible
1991-1994 Cavalier wagon

Third generation

Third generation
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
Also calledToyota Cavalier
Model year1995–2005
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio
Lansing, Michigan
Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico
Car body style2-door Convertible
2-door Coupe
4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine2.2 L GM OHV Straight-4
2.2 L GM OHV engine Straight-4
2.2 L GM Ecotec engine I4
2.3 L Twin Cam I4
2.4 L LD9 I4
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Getrag F23 transmission manual
5-speed Isuzu manual
4-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase104.1 in (2644 mm)
Length1995-97: 180.3 in (4580 mm)
1998-2002: 180.7 in (4590 mm)
2003-05: 180.9 in (4595 mm)
Width2-Door: 68.7 in (1745 mm)
4-Door: 67.9 in (1725 mm)
Height1995-97 Coupe: 53.2 in (1351 mm)
1995-97 Sedan: 54.8 in (1392 mm)
1995-97 Convertible: 53.9 in (1369 mm)
1998-2005 Coupe: 53.0 in (1346 mm)
1998-99 Convertible: 54.1 in (1374 mm)
1998-2005 Sedan: 54.7 in (1389 mm)
2000-02 Convertible: 53.7 in (1364 mm)
Curb weight2,562 lb (1,162 kg) - 2,784 lb (1,263 kg)
Fuel capacity15.2-18 US gal (58-69 litres)
RelatedPontiac Sunfire

The Cavalier was redesigned for 1995 with expanded dimensions and styling that was a departure from the two boxier previous generations. The wagon was discontinued, but the coupe, sedan, and convertible body styles returned.

The Cavalier was facelifted in 2000 and in 2003. The convertible disappeared after 2000.

The Cavalier was replaced by the Chevrolet Cobalt in 2005.

1995-1999 Chevrolet Cavalier convertible
1995-1999 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
2003-2005 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe

Safety

The third-generation Cavalier earned several low scores in crash tests by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Also, IIHS fatality risks statistics rated the Cavalier among the "Highest rates of driver deaths," with 150 (4 door) to 171 (2 door) driver deaths per millon registered vehicle deaths. Average for the Cavalier class (small) was 103(4 door) to 134(2 door) driver deaths per millon registered vehicle deaths.[1]

The IIHS gave the 1995-2005 Cavalier a Poor overall score in their frontal offset collision test.[2]

2005 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (coupe):[3]

Frontal Driver: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Frontal Passenger: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Side Driver: 1/5 starsStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg *safety concern*

Side Rear Passenger: 2/5 starsStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg

Rollover: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

2002 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (sedan):[4]

Frontal Driver: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Frontal Passenger: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Side Driver: 1/5 starsStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg *safety concern*

Side Rear Passenger: 3/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg

Rollover: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Production

Most Cavaliers were built at Lordstown Assembly, although they have also been produced in South Gate, California (1982 model year only), Lansing Car Assembly (1996-1998 coupes), Lansing Craft Centre (1996-2000 convertibles), Janesville Assembly, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, and Leeds Assembly.

United States sales figures

  • 58,904 - 1982
  • 268,587 - 1983
  • 462,611 - 1984
  • 383,752 - 1985
  • 432,101 - 1986
  • 346,254 - 1987
  • 322,939 - 1988
  • 376,626 - 1989
  • 310,501 - 1990
  • 326,847 - 1991
  • 225,633 - 1992
  • 251,590 - 1993
  • 254,426 - 1994
  • 151,669 - 1995
  • 261,686 - 1996
  • 315,136 - 1997
  • 238,861 - 1998

Sources: Edmunds.com (1992-98), Autoworld.com (1999 estimate)[2]

Engines used

  • 1.8 L Inline-4 Overhead valve
  • 2.0 L inline-4 OHV
  • 2.2 L inline-4 OHV
  • 2.2 L inline-4 OHV "2200 SFI"
  • 2.2 L inline-4 DOHC "Ecotec"
  • 2.3 L inline-4 DOHC (1995 Z24 only)
  • 2.4 L inline-4 DOHC (Z24)
  • 2.8 L MPFI (available in American Z24 and RS (Rally Sport) models from 1986 to 1989, and in Mexican models until 1994)
  • 3.1 L V6 MPFI (Available in Z24, RS (Rally Sport) and Wagon models from 1990 to 1994)

Years used

  • 1982-1985 GM inline-4 OHV 1.8 L Straight-4
  • 1986-1989 GM inline-4 OHV 2.0 L Straight-4
  • 1986-1989 2.8 L MPFI V6
  • 1990-1994 3.1 L MPFI (191 in³) V6
  • 1992-1997 GM inline-4 OHV 2.2 L (134 in³) Straight-4 120 hp (89 kW) LN2
  • 1995 Quad-4 2.3 L (138 in³) Straight-4 145 hp (108 kW) LD2
  • 1998-2002 2.2 L GM inline-4 OHV "2200 SFI" 115 hp (86 kW) LN2
  • 1996-2002 LD9 2.4 L (146 in³) Straight-4 150 hp (112 kW)
  • 2002-2005 GM Ecotec engine 2.2 L (134 in³) Straight-4 140 hp (104 kW)

Toyota Cavalier

1996 Toyota Cavalier coupé (Japanese export model with Amber (color) rear Turn signal)

As part of a wider effort to avoid additional restrictions on exports to the US, the third generation model was briefly sold in Japan by Toyota under an agreement with GM, Rebadge as the Toyota Cavalier. Aside from the fact that it was Right hand drive, the Toyota Cavalier also featured a leather-wrapped shift knob and steering wheel, wider front fenders, Amber (color) Automotive lighting for Japanese regulations, power folding rear mirrors, side Automotive lighting lights on the front fenders, and carpeting on the inside of the trunk lid. Interior seats were often flecked with color, and the rear seat had a fold-down armrest. The Toyota Cavalier was entirely produced by GM in the USA and sold from 1995 - 2000. 1996-2000 Toyota Cavaliers came equipped with the 2.4L LD9 engine, while the 1995 used the 2.3 liter quad 4.

While all Chevrolet-badged Cavaliers received a facelift for 2000, the Toyota did not and used the same basic design for the 2000s as it did for the 1995-1999 models. The only exception to this is the colors available, the interior trim colors and the tail-lights.

A fair number of these vehicles are re-exported as Japanese used cars, most notably to New Zealand. Production of the Toyota Cavalier ceased in June 2000.

Toyota Racing Development made a body kit and rear wing for the Cavalier, available exclusively in Japan.

References

External links


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