Geo/Chevrolet Prizm

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Geo/Chevrolet Prizm
1990 Geo Prizm sedan
Automotive industryNUMMI
Parent companyGeneral Motors
Also calledGeo Prizm
Chevrolet Prizm
Production1989–2002
AssemblyFremont, California
PredecessorChevrolet Nova
Car classificationSubcompact (1989-1992)
Compact car (1993-2002)
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformGM S platform (Toyota AE92, AE102 Platforms)
First generation
Geo Prizm hatchback
Also calledGeo Prizm
Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Corolla Seca
Production1989–1992
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Hatchback
Internal combustion engine1.6 L Toyota A engine Straight-4
1.6 L Toyota A engine Straight-4, 105 hp (78 kW)
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission
3-speed Automatic transmission
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase95.7 in (2431 mm)
Length170.7 in (4336 mm)
Width65.2 in (1656 mm)
Height52.4 in (1331 mm)
RelatedToyota Corolla
Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Celica
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Tercel
Holden Nova
Second generation
Geo Prizm
Also calledGeo Prizm
Production1993–1997
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine1.6 L Toyota A engine Straight-4, 105 hp (78 kW)
1.8 L Toyota A engine Straight-4, 105-115 hp
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase97.0 in (2464 mm)
Length173.0 in (4394 mm)
Width66.3 in (1684 mm)
Height53.3 in (1354 mm)
RelatedToyota Corolla
Toyota Tercel
Toyota Celica
Toyota Paseo
Toyota RAV4
Holden Nova
Third Generation
Chevrolet Prizm
Also calledChevrolet Prizm
Toyota Corolla
Production1998–2002
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine1.8 L Toyota ZZ engine Straight-4, 120-125 hp
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase97.1 in (2466 mm)
Length174.2 in (4425 mm)
Width66.7 in (1694 mm)
Height53.7 in (1364 mm)
RelatedToyota Corolla
Toyota Celica
Toyota RAV4
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Tercel

The Geo (automobile)/Chevrolet Prizm (Chevrolet Prizm starting 1998) was a United States-market entry-level compact car from model years 1989 through 2002. Like the 1985-1988 Chevrolet Nova it replaced, the Prizm was a Badge engineering version of the Toyota Sprinter, an upmarket version of the Toyota Corolla sold in Japan. All Prizms were built at NUMMI (New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc), a Joint venture plant between Toyota and General Motors in Fremont, California.

The Prizm was introduced in 1989 for GM's then-new Geo brand of import cars. The Hatchback version sold through 1991 was a rebadged version of the Toyota Corolla Seca. The sporty GSi model of 1990-1992 was notable for its 130 horsepower (97 kW) twin-cam engine, sport suspension, disc brakes, and 14-inch (360 mm) wheels. In 1992, the lettering the car was changed from "Prizm" to "PRIZM" in italicized and capital letters. In Canada, the Prizm was never sold, opting for the brand to sell the Geo Metro Sedan (car) instead. However, the Geo Metro sedan was first sold in the United States in 1995.

The Prizm's 1993 redesign gave it more room (resulting in an upgrade to United States Environmental Protection Agency "compact" car status), a driver airbag, and a new 1.8-liter Straight-4 engine optional on LSi trim. With the larger engine came a rear stabilizer bar, wider tires, and an optional Automatic transmission with 4 speeds instead of 3. A second airbag became standard in 1994; leather seats were an option on the LSi between 1994-1997. In contrast with the Corolla, this generation Prizm lacked a front stabilizer bar in its suspension, resulting in somewhat twitchier (some say "sportier") handling.

The Prizm's 1998 redesign coincided with the conversion of all Geos into Chevrolets. The most notable change was the new 1.8-liter engine, which was now all-aluminum, driven by a timing chain, and featured more power (yet the same fuel economy) than the engines from the Geo years. Along with the Corolla, the Prizm also became the first car in the compact class to offer optional side airbags. 1998 Prizms without the LSi's optional "Handling Package" (containing a front stabilizer bar) were singled out by Consumer Reports for having sloppy emergency handling; Toyota addressed the problem for 1999 by making the Handling Package standard. For 2000, the engine gained variable valve timing for 5 extra horsepower (to 125). The last Prizms were built in December 2001, resulting in a brief 2002 model year. The Prizm was effectively replaced by the Pontiac Vibe, a twin of the Corolla-based Toyota Matrix hatchback.

In any generation, the Prizm's distinctions over its Toyota twin mostly came down to minor cosmetic differences, a GM Delco radio (except on first-generation cars), and more substantially, the Prizm's consistently lower perceived value. The bluebook value of a used Prizm typically stands $1,000-$2,000 below an equivalent Corolla.

Engines


All Prizms were powered by the same Internal combustion engine as the then present Toyota Corolla models.

  • 1990-1992 Geo Prizms were powered by the Toyota A engine or optional Toyota A engine engine.
  • 1993-1997 Geo Prizms were powered by the Toyota A engine or optional Toyota A engine engine.
  • 1998-2002 Chevy Prizms were equipped with Toyota's 1.8 Liter Toyota ZZ engine I4 engine; 2000-2002 models included VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with Intelligence) technology.

External links


Corolland.com

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